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 The tenses in English

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Sarah19
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مُساهمةموضوع: The tenses in English   الأربعاء مارس 31, 2010 7:55 pm

Simple Present
Affirmative: He speaks.
Negative: He does not speak.
Question: Does he speak?
We use it to express:
 action in the present taking placeonce, never or several times
 facts
 actions taking place one after another
 action set by a timetable or schedule
Signal words :always, every …, never, normally, often, seldom, sometimes, usually if sentences type I (If Italk, …)
Present Progressive ( continous )
Affirmaive: He is speaking.
Negative: He is not speaking.
Question: Is he speaking?
We use it to express:
 action taking place in the moment of speaking
 action taking place only for a limited period of time
 action arranged for the future
Signal words: at the moment, just, just now, Listen!, Look!, now, right now
Simple Past
Affirmative: He spoke.
Negative: He did not speak.
Question: Did he speak?
We use it to express:
 action in the past taking placeonce, never or several times
 actions taking place one after another
 action taking place in the middle of another action
Signal words: yesterday, 2 minutes ago, in 1990, the other day, last Friday , if sentence type II (If Italked, …)
Past Progressive
Affirmative: He was speaking.
Negative: He was not speaking.
Question: Was he speaking?
We use it to express:
 action going on at a certain time in the past
 actions taking place at the same time
 action in the past that is interrupted by another action
Signal words: when, while, as long as
Present Perfect Simple
Affirmative: He has spoken.
Negative: He has not spoken.
Question: Has he spoken?
We use it to express:
 putting emphasis on the result
 action that is still going on
 action that stopped recently
 finished action that has an influence on the present
 action that has taken place
Signal words: once, never or several times before the moment of speaking already, ever, just, never, not yet, so far, till now, up to now
Present Perfect Progressive
Affirmative: He has been speaking.
Negative: He has not been speaking.
Question: Has he been speaking?
We use it to express:
 putting emphasis on the course or duration (not the result)
 action that recently stopped or is still going on
 finished action that influenced the present
Signal words: all day, for 4 years, since 1993, how long?, the whole week
Past Perfect Simple
Affirmative: He had spoken.
Negative: He had not spoken.
Question: Had he spoken?
We use it to express:
 action taking place before a certain time in the past
 sometimes interchangeable with past perfect progressive
 putting emphasis only on the fact(not the duration)
Signal words: already, just, never, not yet, once, until that day
if sentence type III (If Ihad talked, …)
Past Perfect Progressive ( continous )
Affirmative: He had been speaking.
Negative: He had not been speaking.
Question: Had he been speaking?
We use it to express:
 action taking place before a certain time in the past
 sometimes interchangeable with past perfect simple
 putting emphasis on the duration or course of an action
Signal words: for, since, the whole day, all day
Future I Simple
Affirmative: He will speak.
Negative: He will not speak.
Question: Will he speak?
We use it to express:
 action in the future that cannot be influenced
 spontaneous decision
 assumption with regard to the future
Signal words: in a year, next …, tomorrow
If-Satz Typ I (If you ask her, she will help you.)
assumption: I think, probably, perhaps
Future I Simple (going to)
Affirmative: He is going to speak.
Negative: He is not going to speak.
Question: Is he going to speak?
We use it to express:
 decision made for the future
 conclusion with regard to the future
Signal words: in one year, next week, tomorrow
Future I Progressive ( continous )
Affirmative: He will be speaking.
Negative: He will not be speaking.
Question: Will he be speaking?
We use it to express:
 action that is going on at a certain time in the future
 action that is sure to happen in the near future
Signal words: in one year, next week, tomorrow
Future II Simple
Affirmative: He will have spoken.
Negative: He will not have spoken.
Question: Will he have spoken?
We use it to express:
 action that will be finished at a certain time in the future
Signal words: by Monday, in a week
Future II Progressive
Affirmative: He will have been speaking.
Negative: He will not have been speaking.
Question: Will he have been speaking?
We use it to express:
 action taking place before a certain time in the future
 putting emphasis on the course of an action
Signal words: for …, the last couple of hours, all day long
Conditional I Simple
Affirmative: He would speak.
Negative: He would not speak.
Question: Would he speak?
We use it to express:
 action that might take place
Signal words: if sentences type II
(If I were you, I would go home.)
Conditional I Progressive ( continous )
Affirmative: He would be speaking.
Negative: He would not be speaking.
Question: Would he be speaking?
We use it to express:
 action that might take place
 putting emphasis on the course /duration of the action
Conditional II Simple
Affirmative: He would have spoken.
Negative: He would not have spoken.
Question: Would he have spoken?
We use it to express:
action that might have taken place in the past
Signal words: if sentences type III
(If I had seen that, Iwould have helped.)
Conditional II Progressive ( continous )
Affirmative: He would have been speaking.
Negative: He would not have been speaking.
Question: Would he have been speaking?
We use it to express:
 action that might have taken place in the past
 puts emphasis on the course /duration of the action
Please excuse me if I made mistakes :18:

ـــــــ توقيعي ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ


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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: The tenses in English   الأربعاء مارس 31, 2010 8:11 pm



thank you very much
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
Sarah19
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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: The tenses in English   الأربعاء مارس 31, 2010 8:47 pm

You welcome 69

ـــــــ توقيعي ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ


La vie c'est l'espoir si t'en a plus , t'es comme mort et vivre relève de l'exploit
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
Le physicien
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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: The tenses in English   الخميس أبريل 01, 2010 3:48 pm


Peace be upon you

Thanks for the valuable lesson
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
 
The tenses in English
استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة 
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